Simulation framework for preliminary structural design of aero engines
Simulation-driven design and process automation are key enablers to speed up engineering design processes and improve the quality of the final design. This paper presents an integrated multi-disciplinary simulation framework developed within Rolls-Royce for preliminary structural design of aero engines. The framework enables the application of robust design at system level and fast cross-functional trade studies on novel engine architectures. The paper demonstrates a more efficient integration of structural and thermal analysis simulation capabilities. A link between CAD geometry and FEA tools is established to drive design via analysis and enable multi-disciplinary design optimisation. The implementation of the framework has been driven by aero engine project needs and priorities, following an agile software development approach.
UNIVERSITY OF Salento
Risk Mitigation for Unmaned Air Vehicles Mission Planning
Giulio Avanzini, University of Salento | Vito Primavera, EnginSoft SpA | Francesco Micchetti, EnginSoft SpA | Silvano Pagone, Aeroporti di Puglia | Angelo Di Martino, EKA srl | Manuela Marra, University of Salento | Claudio Pascarelli, University of Salento
In recent years the use of Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) rapidly expanded from mainly military and research applications to a very wide range of applications in civil activities. At the same time, UAVs became accessible to a wide range of users. Therefore, determination and mitigation of the risk they can represent to people in the event of a ground impact is a key point for the development of UAV regulations in the civil airspace. The present work, conceived and promoted within the Apulian Aerospace Technological Cluster (DTA) and developed into the co-funded project “TAKE-OFF - Test and Knowledge‐based Environment for Operations, Flight and Facility” (in the “Cluster Tecnologici Regionali - SmartPuglia 2020, Regione Puglia” frame program) introduces a path planning methodology where the risk related to UAV operation is reduced by estimating the probability of hitting a person on the ground, assuming a map of the population density in the area interested by the flight is available. The impact area on the ground is evaluated both in a deterministic way – which depends on vehicle dimensions and kinetic energy – and in a statistical way – where uncertainties of the navigation parameters (position and velocity) are introduced. The impact areas are then related to vehicle failure rate and to a real population density map, resulting in a reliable risk evaluation. Once the relation between the nominal vehicle trajectory and corresponding risk level is defined, a suitable multi-objective optimization process is developed, searching for the optimum solutions that minimize path length and risk, the latter being constrained below a prescribed maximum admissible value. Eventually, the candidate optimum paths are visualized and evaluated within a virtual console, developed and addressed in terms of a cloud architecture. The whole path planning methodology has been built according to recognized authority rules.
Advanced Engineering Solutions
Tolerance Analysis Techniques for Flexible Components
Manufacturers spend large amounts of money on product quality issues such as parts not fitting together properly, scrap, and rework. Tolerance variation in rigid body assemblies results from three sources: size, form and kinematics. Tolerance analysis software solutions such as CETOL from Sigmetrix, VisVSA from Siemens PLM and 3DCS from Dassault Systemes are effective for rigid body assemblies and are fully integrated within the major CAD tools such as PTC/CREO, NX and CATIA respectively.
Flexible body assemblies exhibit an additional source of variation, such as the deformation of the components due to assembly forces or temperature loading during manufacturing. Flexible assemblies, composed of slender parts or sheet metal components can deform substantially from their nominal geometric shape.
This paper will present techniques that perform tolerance analysis on assemblies with flexible components within the CAD and CAE environments.
Wind tunnel test matrix design using CFD based DOE
Abdullah Emre Cetiner, Aselsan Inc. | İlteris Koc, Aselsan Inc.
In this study, wind tunnel test matrix of a newly developed Air-to-Ground missile is designed utilizing the Design of Experiment method based on Computational Fluid Dynamics simulations for various combinations of input parameters that are angle of attack, side-slip angle, Mach number, and the tail fin deflections. First of all, contributions of input parameters to each output (aerodynamic forces and moments) and the correlation between the inputs are identified. Then, separate Response Surface Model for each output that span the whole design space is generated to investigate the design deeper. Finally, optimal interval values for each input parameters are determined for the wind tunnel test matrix. As a result, number of runs in the test matrix was significantly reduced.
Design optimization of a main landing gear shock absorber hydraulic system
Francesco Scarano, Magnaghi Aeronautica | Vito Primavera, EnginSoft SpA | Francesco Micchetti, EnginSoft SpA
Aim of this job is the design optimization of a MLG shock absorber hydraulic system in order to guarantee the compliance with the customer performance requirements. The case study, developed through a close cooperation between Magnaghi Aeronautica and EnginSoft, allowed to evaluate positively the capacities of the software modeFRONTIER. The optimized solution is resulted to be very close to the current one obtained after a manual iterative optimization process.
Coffee Break Time
Silverio Della Rosa
Front electric sustainer for gliders, CFD simulations
Simone Bartesaghi, Wind&Water Consultants
The Front Electric Sustainer (FES) has nowadays numerous installations on single seat gliders.
Most common use is as sustainer, but recently gliders of new FAI 13.50m class can take off with it, enhancing the potentiality of this light glider. The simplicity of use is evident, but the most requiring pilots are aware about the performance decay due to the propeller on glider nose. By using CFD tools, a comparison for bare fuselage and FES device installed is done. For the current study two speeds are investigated: 120 km/h (near at the maximum efficiency) and 180 km/h (usual cross country straight speed), with the cabin ventilation closed. From the investigation, the main conclusion is the FES propeller blades destroy the laminar flow and this causes the drag increase.
University of Salento
Non-conventional configurations for small satellites launchers
Elio De Marinis, EnginSoft SpA | Giulio Avanzini, University of Salento
The topic of the work is to evaluate the energetic cost of non-conventional launch systems dedicated for small satellites. Launch configurations such as ground launch, balloon launch and airborne launch to orbit are considered for different class of satellites and for different orbit altitudes; the analysis is focused on minimizing the booster’s initial mass once set the payload.
When considering a balloon, a trade-off is required in order to evaluate properly the altitude to be reached from the balloon and the mass it has to lift off. For the airborne launcher, there is a tradeoff between carrier aircraft’s flight conditions; operational limits are analyzed and discussed.
Moreover a brief cost analysis is performed in order to evaluate properly pros and cons of each configuration.
Towards a multidisciplinary optimization of a body in white including whole vehicle crashworthiness load cases: The complexity of automated evaluation shown on the example of a beam cross member
There are several reasons why parameter optimization, even in a single disciplinary content, is not yet part of the standard process for crashworthiness simulation in the automotive product development process. The most obvious reason is, that the assessment of a crashworthiness simulation is often based on a combination of hard restrictions, such as displacement values, passenger acceleration and so on and soft criteria, such as beam kinematics. Those soft criteria get evaluated visually based on engineering experience and have failed being formalized up to now. With the example of a beam cross member from the ARENA2036 project lightweight through integrated functions it is shown how the evaluation is done nowadays. Those evaluations contain patterns which will be used to formalize the soft criteria and automate the evaluation process within a CAE simulation chain.
BASF Catalysts Germany GmbH
Effective toolchain for the model based development of an EUVI exhaust aftertreatment system
Arne Kuhlmann, BASF Catalysts Germany GmbH
Today the global automotive industry faces enormous challenges from A1:R81 tightening emission legislations. Regulatory differences between European, Asian and American markets and segments enhance complexity while OEMs are constantly seeking to reduce development cycle times.
Consequently, there is continuous demand for increasingly efficient strategies to develop cost efficient solutions. BASF, as a leading global catalyst supplier, was approached by a commercial truck manufacturer to improve cost and performance of the current EUVI production exhaust aftertreatment system. Due to a very demanding timeline, the only strategic option to design suitable system proposals and to demonstrate performance under customer specific test conditions was by utilizing simulation techniques.
An effective model based development toolchain was developed building upon BASF proprietary exhaust models for accurate emission prediction complemented by modeFRONTIER for multidimensional optimization purposes. Using parallel computing, the simulation of stationary and transient tests for 500 catalytic system designs was completed within two weeks. All customer targets were met and suitable prototype candidates identified.
MAGNA Powertrain - Engineering Center Steyr GmbH & Co KG
Fatigue assessment of multi-axially loaded elastomeric components using load discretization and channel based fatigue method
Stefan Kaindl, MAGNA Powertrain - Engineering Center Steyr GmbH & Co KG
A new method for predicting the fatigue strength of multi-axially loaded elastomeric components was implemented. The method is based on the local S/N curves concept which basically compares local stresses with material-specific strength values. The nonlinear characteristics of the elastomeric material are measured from specimens. An appropriate material model is chosen to simulate correct deformations and resulting local stresses. Additionally fatigue strength parameters like mean stress influence are defined for the fatigue analysis. Finally, investigations on a commercial vehicle engine mount under multi-axial load are shown as an application and verification of the simulation method. The analysis shows good agreement with test bench results.
Ahmet Mert Soyer
Development of new metallic rear crash boxes to replace a plastic one for a passenger car
Levent Aksel, TOFAS | İbrahim Ozbay, TOFAS
This study includes a development of metallic rear crash box in order to replace plastic one for a passenger car. New developed crash box should pass low speed and high speed tests in order to meet the required performance for its market. During this study the greatest difficulty that we have is to have the required performance in AZT analysis. Since force-displacement behaviour of honeycomb shaped plastics grow up gradually and absorb the energy uniformly without exceeding the maximum force limit not to have plastic deformations on BIW, having the same performance for this analysis with metallic components is quite hard. Because metallic crash boxes have a reaction force very steep in the beginning which tends to decrease afterwards due to the hinge effect of metals. In order to get rid of this disadvantage of metals, another smaller and shorter metallic crash box is used inside to get an energy absorbtion gradually and uniformly without having hinge effect. In this way, during crash rigid barrier has a contact with outer crash box and before having the hinge effect it reaches another crash box inside. This results in a uniform reaction force curve without reaching high values.
Wolf Star Technologies, LLC
Load Calculation with Measured Strain and FEA
Typical designs in structural applications undergo complex loading. In order to accurately predict
the behavior of complex structures accurate representation of loads is required. Traditional
methods of obtaining loads involve specialized load transducers and / or modification of
structures to be sensitive to specific components of load. Presented in this paper is an alternative
approach to load measurement which leverages FEA in conjunction with a physical sample to produce an n-Dimensional load transducer. Experimental verification is presented showing the correlation between measured and FEA strain calculation.
Coffee Break Time
Hydraulic Torque Converter Simulation
Andrei Voitsik, LLC Irion
A torque converter is used to transfer rotational energy from a prime mover, such as an internal combustion engine or an electric motor, to a rotating driven load. In a torque converter there are at least three rotating elements: the impeller, which is mechanically driven by the prime mover; the turbine, which drives the load; and the stator (or reactor wheel), which is interposed between the impeller and the turbine so that it can alter oil flow returning from the turbine to the impeller.
The key characteristic of a torque converter (torque ratio) is its ability to multiply torque when there is a substantial difference between input and output rotational speed, thus providing the equivalent of a reduction gear.
The goal of this project was to carry out real time simulation of the torque converter with three rotating wheels (the impeller, the turbine, the stator).
Juan Pablo Leiva
Vanderplaats Research & Development, Inc.
Topology Optimization with Enforced Patterns and Applications for Additive Manufacturing
Traditional topology optimization is used by designers and engineers to generate free and often organic looking designs. These designs in some cases are possible to manufacture while in others it is not possible for either practical or esthetic reasons. For the cases where it is not possible to manufacture it is now possible to impose fabrication constraints to deal with that, for example: casting constraints can be used to allow the fabrication with molds and dies and/or the use of symmetric constraints to get aesthetically pleasant designs. Today, additive manufacturing processes are becoming more and more popular. These processes together with 3D printers are used to print lattice structures. Lattice Structures sometimes occur naturally in topology optimization but in other times they are not. For the cases where lattice are not naturally generated we can force the topology optimization process to generate them. In this paper we discuss how to enforce topology patterns to get final topology result to match certain desirable shapes that can be both easier to manufacture and/or to enforce a design requirement. The methods presented are implemented in GENESIS structural optimization software.
Prometech Software, Inc.
Estimation of Reliability and Recent Progress of Particle Method MPS
Particle method is one of powerful technique on numerical simulation to treat complex engineering problems in the manufacturing industries. In general, particle method is classified as mesh free method and used for the problems on which application of conventional mesh-based CFD software is difficult. Particle-based simulation software Particleworks adopts one of major particle method MPS (Moving Particle Simulation) and has been used widely in production design and development. Especially, Particleworks is used for the simulation of oil flow and lubrication in power train (engine blocks, gear boxes, and so on) and wading/flooded road driving in automotive industry. However, MPS is a relatively new numerical method and the accuracy and the error estimation of this method should be investigated to obtain reliable results through the simulation. For this purpose, numerical verification of MPS method is discussed using simple examples in this presentation. And new features implemented in the latest version of Particleworks are introduced.
BETA CAE Systems
ACP-OpDesign, Optimal Design Gateway: Reveal the path to optimized products
ACP OpDesign, is an intuitive and process guided optimization desktop environment. With its optimization oriented and highly specialized user interface, based on the process depicted as a diagram in the tool, it offers to the user the capability to take advantage of an efficient, direct interaction to:
- ANSA’s powerful morphing and parametrization functionality,
- custom designed META Post-processor tools,
- Topology and parametric optimization Software,
- FEA solvers
ACP OpDesign features a list of tools designed and developed in the context of actual optimization projects.
Following step-by-step the various phases of the ACP process, these tools and capabilities of the software (ACP-OpDesign, ANSA and META) are demonstrated by means of examples.
Starting from a product design space, we apply various loads for a topology optimization analysis. The results are interpreted and transformed into a low fidelity model, which is then validated under the same loads.
It is then parametrized regarding its geometry (3D shape, position, cross section), its material and thickness, and a parametric optimization takes place. The results of this analysis are post-processed and evaluated.
Tata Technologies Pvt Ltd Pune
Performance of road side crash barrier with regards to vehicle crashworthiness
Hrishikesh B,, Tata Technologies Pvt Ltd. Pune | Prashant T , Tata Technologies Pvt Ltd Pune
To accomplish their endeavor of safe transportation, the regulatory institutions are constantly collecting the accidental data and investigating the causes of fatalities.
In many cases, the fatalities are due to vehicle roll over or vehicle running away from road and hitting rigid objects adjoining the road. Such incidences can be taken care of by properly restricting the vehicle by use of crash barriers. 2005 statistics from the US show that run off road crashes resulted in 31% of fatal crashes, but were only 16% of all crashes. Since the vehicle side structure has less energy absorbing structure as compared to front end, Crash barriers can further increase the injuries, if not designed properly.
This paper presents study of vehicle-barrier crash pulses and vehicle kinematics with regards to various barrier profiles and properties. Further, a comparison has been presented to evaluate most suitable and lightweight design solution.
Tuesday 7th November 9:30 - 16:00
1D automotive cooling system simulation: from Internal Combustion Engine to Battery Electrical Vehicles
Development of more and more efficient Internal Combustion Engine cars has been supporting in the last decades by extensive simulations. Most notably, both engine combustion and performances studies were influenced by availability of 1d simulation codes, whose capabilities were extended to take care of vehicles cooling systems.
At the beginning of 21th century a new competition in transportation market is rising between Internal Combustion Engine and Electrical Engine vehicles: car manufacturers need now additional knowledge to handle different thermal behavior of electrical and fuel tractions. A comparison study is performed to translate classical engine cooling 1d simulation models into suitable models to investigate Battery Electric Vehicle behaviour, underline similarities and differences, lay down model set up rules and suggest future improvements.
FCA Italy SpA
Multibody modelling of Automatic Transmission vehicles seat-rail idle vibrations
Elena Salino, FCA Italy S.p.A. | Gabriella Lombardi, FCA Italy S.p.A. | Stefano Pizzuto, FCA Italy S.p.A. | Nicola Poerio, Centro Ricerche Fiat S.C.p.A. | Maurizio Urbinati, Centro Ricerche Fiat S.C.p.A.
Torque Converters allow automatic transmission vehicles to stop while the engine is still running without stalling.
The variable torque multiplication they perform is maximum in Idle and then progressively converges to the unity as the vehicle speed increases.
Potentially, the driveline may be isolated from the Idling torque in Drive/Reverse by means of the Neutral Idle Control (NIC), but its use may be incompatible with specific performances, primarily breakaway acceleration.
When no NIC is applied, the harmonic content of torque acting on the half-shafts, depending on the characteristics of the ICE, may couple with some natural frequencies (mainly of Powertrain, Unsprung Masses and Body) causing resonance phenomena.
In order to predict a similar behaviour, a specific simulation environment for ATx in Idle was realized using MSC ADAMS/MB Sharc software. The tool was tested on a 4-cylinder LCV application, returning good levels of correlation with experimental seat-rail vibrations.
Pierburg Pump Technology
Creation of a Scilab Tool for Random Fatigue Vibration Analysis
Anthony Bidault, Pierburg Pump Technology
A simple calculation tool was developed, using SciLab language, to analyse and verify a mechanical component subjected to a PSD acceleration spectrum.
The validation of the resulting code was performed by means of two test cases, both analysed with the SciLAb code and with nCode Design Life, which is a commercial tool, embedded within Ansys Workbench suite. These verifications were done taking into account the same model parameters (material, mesh, size, critical nodes), in order to verify only the developed code.
The results were very promising, showing a good correlation between the results of both methods, for all of the analysed components.
Constrained Geometric Parameterization by Mesh Morphing for a Catamaran Foils Optimization Procedure
Marco Evangelos Biancolini, University of Rome "Tor Vergata" | Alberto Clarich, ESTECO | Francesco Franchini, EnginSoft
Finding an efficient solution to the problem of parameterizing highly constrained geometric configurations is a challenging task. Aspects related to robustness requirements, furthermore, acquire additional importance when the model is developed for a CAE based numerical optimization environment. In such a scenario, a common solution is to couple a parametric CAD model with a remeshing procedure. In this work, a mesh morphing approach based on Radial Basis Functions is proposed. The objective is to demonstrate its capability in implementing a complex constrained geometric parameterization highlighting the several advantages it offers in comparison to a standard CAD driven strategy. With this aim, a pilot study has been developed focusing on a particularly demanding problem: the optimization of A-Class catamaran foils. The proposed procedure led to identify a solution able to significantly improve the performance of the baseline geometry both in upwind and downwind sailing conditions.
Coffee Break Time
Predictive Maintenance for bus fleets: a lesson from the EBSF_2 project
Maria Vittoria Corazza, DICEA – Dept. of Civil Engineering Sapienza University of Rome | Enrico Petracci, Pluservice srl | Silvia Magnalardo, Pluservice | Michele Tozzi, UITP - International Association of Public Transport Brussels
The paper deals with an innovative Predictive Maintenance (PdM) system to assess the quality of the engine oil for buses, tested in Ravenna within the European Bus System of the Future - EBSF_2 project, funded by the European Union. The system relies on a PdM software linked to oil sensors and filters, installed on a test fleet, and on an IT architecture, specifically designed. The system enables a continuous assessment of the oil quality, which is highly predictive of the engine performance, thus detecting potential breakdowns and planning the replacement of spare parts ahead of regular schedules; the system also detects which substances and problems cause the poor quality of the oil. The paper describes the system and its IT architecture, the testing scenarios, the performance assessment, and the main outcomes. Thus far, results are encouraging and enable an assessment of additional, potential environmental benefits (especially mitigation of emissions toxicity and improvement of waste management). Such results are analysed and commented with the research objective to provide advanced knowledge for further research studies beyond EBSF_2
Piaggio & C. SpA
CAE investigation of a motorbike powertrain's NVH behavior
A multibody model was generated to simulate the dynamic behavior of the full powertrain system of a motorbike.
The model was used to assess the efficiency of design modifications conceived to improve the powertrain's NVH performance.
The model includes the cranktrain, the gearbox, the rear transmission system and a simulacrum of the vehicle. Nonlinear components are present, such as rubber shock absorbers. Flexible bodies are included, described according to the Craig-Bampton technique.
The whole model is subject to the pressure time-histories in the combustion chambers. Detailed gear-to-gear interfaces are included, to simulate dynamic contact conditions.
The simulated maneuvers are clutch engagement/disengagement cycles, which can induce external noise. Different designs were simulated as for the geometry of the secondary gears, to try to reduce the impact energy which induces surface vibrations of the gearbox, which in turn provokes the external noise.
The quantity used to rank the designs was the RMS value of the torque transmitted through hooke joints in the rear part of the transmission system. This quantity allows a more robust ranking of the designs when compared with the use of impact forces, which are more subject to numeric noise. Besides that, test data are available for the torque, so a test/model comparison could be carried out.
The model was also used to assess the efficiency of a dynamic shock absorber, whose operation is based on the combined effect of cams and springs. The characterization of some springs required non linear FEM simulations, due to the lack of test data. The above mentioned torque RMS value has been used to assess the shock absorber efficiency too.
The model was generated using a template-based software; the resulting modular structure of the model will allow re-uses of its subsystems for different purposes, e.g., assessment of the structural performance of engine components under durability bench tests.
Having investigated the noise source via the MBS model, FEM analyses were carried out to evaluate the transmission properties of different crankcase configurations. The results were weighted with a loudness index specifically conceived from the ISO equal-loudness curves.
Integrated CAE analysis for automotive DEF systems
New and more severe requirements for diesel emission can be satisfied using an additive in the exhaust system. It is called DEF (Diesel Exhaust Fluid) and is basically a water solution of urea that, through precise injection just before a dedicated catalyst converter, can reduce nitrogen oxide emission. An important step of the system implementation is the design and CAE validation of the tank and filling nozzle for DEF. In FCA this task was accomplished with a combined use of simulation tools and methodologies that are partly derived from experience on fuel system and partly novel. They cover all main performances: basic functional assessment is performed with geometric analysis; non-linear structural FEM covers pressure and vibration loads for the vehicle lifespan; finally two-phase CFD allows tank filling performance analysis. This combination allowed to greatly speed up design phases and reduce uncertainties.
Increasing passive safety performances using an automatic CAE methodology
Laura Iannetti, Beta CAE Srl
In the automotive industry, safety requirements are more and more stringent leading to engineering challenges in finding the best tradeoff
between crashworthiness performances, structure weight, design and production costs. The goal of the activity is to develop an automatic optimization work flow
for a car door. The final objective is to fulfill the safety requirements and obtain the best rating in the pole test. For this purpose, the door geometry
has been parameterized by means of the morphing tool available in ANSA. All the crashworthiness performances were investigated with LS-Dyna. The work flow has been efficiently handled by modeFRONTIER which manages also the definition of all the designs of experiment (DOEs),taking into account a variety of algorithms. Both geometrical modifications and
material characteristics’ variations play an important role in how the impact energy is absorbed by the door and, therefore, how the passenger safety can or cannot be guaranteed. The methodology developed in this work provide not only an effective improvement of the car door design in terms of passenger passive safety, but also a robust and reliable procedure which can be applied on similar cases.
Lunch Break Time
LINCOSIM: a Web App for Automatic Hull Design on HPC Platforms
Francesco Salvadore, CINECA | Claudio Arlandini, CINECA
In this work, we present an innovative web application dedicated to the design process of planing hulls by means of CFD runs. The LINCOSIM web application is developed within the EU funded project LINCOLN (http://www.lincolnproject.eu/).
LINCOLN is an EU Horizon 2020 research project of 36 month duration (1st October 2016 – 30th September 2019, Grant Agreement No 727982) using innovative design methodologies and tools for the development of three types of completely new vessels concepts through dynamic simulation model testing in the maritime sector.
The web user interface includes expressive WebGL 3D visualizations and allows to prepare, start and analyze the simulations starting from the hull geometry and a few physical parameters, the web services automatically managing the interaction with computing machines.
The CFD undergoing engine is developed using OpenFOAM enabling to solve the 3D Navier-Stokes equation including dynamic mesh motion (free sink and trim) in a cost/effective way.
The preliminary results in terms of repetability, usability and robustness are encouraging; a full set of validation test to assess accuracy are ongoing.
University of PISA
Simplified optimization methodologies for complex geometries: application to an automotive duct system
Marco Maganzi, University of Pisa
In automotive design, new optimization procedures, which can improve system internal aerodynamics, are needed. In this field of application, the challenge is to avoid the typical complicate geometry parameterisation and to modify the shape complaining with space constraints.
In this paper two simplified optimization processes, with the aim of increase HVAC system efficiency, by means of reducing ducts total pressure drop and increase outlet flow uniformity, are shown. The first one is driven by ANSA® optimisation tool and consists in generating many new duct designs, using the ANSA mesh morphing tool and to soving the flow with ANSYS Fluent®. The second one uses ANSYS Fluent adjoint solver.
The final procedure couples both the methodologies in order to obtain a more efficient and faster methodology. This optimization method is applied to a real car system duct. The results of the optimised procedures are examined and compared with the original one, showing an impressive reduction in the pressure drop and improvement in flow quality.
University of Bergamo
Aerodynamic simulation of a 2017 F1 car with open-source CFD code
Ducati Motor Holding s.p.a. - Ducati Corse Division
Virtual Development of a crank mechanism for a Moto GP engine using latest modeling techniques
Gianluca Calli, Ducati Motor Holding s.p.a. - Ducati Corse Division | Davide Barana, Ducati Motor Holding s.p.a. - Ducati Corse Division | Pietro Bianchi, Leonardo Engineers for Integration S.r.l.
High performance engines need to ensure a high specific power together with lightweight and reliability. The reduced time available from design to practical usage often restricts the experimental tests. The result is that numerical simulations are frequently the only step between a CAD geometry and the real part working on track.
For this reason a new version of a motorcycle engine’s crankshaft has been calculated with the co-simulation between the two software Ricardo Engdyn and Valdyn. The former has been used to simulate the dynamics of cranktrain and cylinder block, the latter to simulate the drive line and timing. In fact, because of the motorcycle lay-out, the primary gear and all the transmission until the brake of the test bench need to be modelled.
The final result is the determination of the safety factors in the crankshaft’s main and pin fillets. The most complete FEM stress analysis integrated in Engdyn has been used.
Warpage minimization of structural component with glass fiber reinforced polymer by using HRS’s FlexFlow technology: a practical case
Nicola Pavan, Inglass Spa
Weight reduction and metal replacement are two of the biggest trends of transportation industry which led to larger use of plastic reinforced materials in injection moulding processes. These trends involve several components but mainly large structural parts which highlight some critical aspects related to part geometry and functionality: tolerances and assembly, strength and weld lines management.
Complete control of deflection and weld lines are the key points for successful moulding of these components. HRS’s FlexFlow solution provide wider flexibility in controlling polymer behaviour in cavity helping to easily manage these aspects.
In this study different simulations have been compared using both controlled valve pin technology and standard sequential settings. Then results have been compared with production components too.
Shape optimization of 3d printed high performances automotive parts
Marco Evangelos Biancolini, RBF Morph srl, University of Rome "Tor Vergata" | Ubaldo Cella, Design Methods | Marco Ponzi, HSL srl
3d printing has recently grown from a niche technology useful for prototyping into a standard manufacturing process suitable for mainstream applications. New challenges are posed to fully exploit the high flexibility offered and CAE plays a crucial role as new design concepts are required. In the near future thanks to advanced 3d solutions also new product can be imagined and produced including mechatronic systems and computational distributed intelligence.
Novel workflow that strongly integrate the physics of the part with its shape are available and the realization of stress or flow sculpted parts is now possible also. In the framework of the Fortissimo Project HSL and RBF Morph have demonstrated this concept with a pilot study conducted for Lamborghini on specific High Performance Car Components. The engine airbox of the high performance Aventador car has been redefined by shape optimization and manufactured by 3d printing gaining an increment of performance of 3.5%. Advanced mesh morphing by RBF Morph, high fidelity CFD and FEM are key enablers of the joint vision herein presented.
Carlo Augusto Pasquinucci
University of Genova
A fast optimization algorithm based on sparse free form deformation and surrogate surfaces for greener ship design
This project would show a methodology that can reduce the number of designs required for optimization improving its democratization. The framework is created connecting a parametric CAD Software CAESES, a commercial BEM Solver ShipFlow, a free optimizer DAKOTA and some Python scripts.
It begins with an exploration phase of different hull geometries calculating some geometrical coefficients and the resistance at different speeds.
Then, a surrogate surface is created between these coefficients and the resistance. This surface is now independent from the original design variables: different deformations can now by applied.
A Sparse Free Form Deformation can now be used for the optimization phase.
The number of design variables is kept lower as possible, increasing their number only once the best designs possible with that set are reached: no time or computational power is lost for very detailed variations in the first phases, but the accuracy of the deformation follows the design performance increasing.
Matteo Sarzi Amadè
Optimization of the gear transmission ratios of a racing motorcycle for a specific track using modeFrontier
Marco Amorosa, Ducati Motor Holding S.p.a. - Ducati Corse Division
International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE)
Towards the virtual wind tunnel
Riccardo Rossi, International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE) | Rubén Zorrilla, International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE) | Roland Wüchner, Technical University of Munich | Eugenio Oñate, International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE)
The maturity of numerical techniques both in Computational Structural and Fluid Dynamics, accompanied by the availability of affordable high-performance hardware, allows the use of virtual rapid-prototyping facilities as realistic alternatives to traditional wind tunnel experiments.
This work aims to present a virtual wind tunnel tool that combines both “standard” bodyfitted approaches and innovative embedded techniques.
Two are the distinctive features of the work. Firstly, it allows the simulation of membrane structures subjected to large displacements. This is typically challenging both for embedded solvers, due to the need of modelling a strong discontinuity of the flow field in correspondence of the structural position, and for bodyfitted techniques, due to the large displacement regime. Secondly, it allows combining body fitted and embedded structures within the same simulation.
All the presented strategies are developed both in OpenMP and MPI.
MZA Structural Engineering Treviso-Monaco
The F.E. numerical analysis by stages of the city life commercial trade center: the steel-glass atrium system (Hadid Tower, Milan)
Paolo De’Angelis, Redesco Progetti
This presentation refers to the Finite Element Analyses developed for the executive and constructional phases of the steel-glass system used at the bottom of the new Hadid Tower (City Life complex, Mi-lan) to investigate its mechanical response. In particular, as a completion of the Midas-Gen executive verification, dedicated analyses were conducted by Straus7 Non-linear to simulate the installation phases of the system by means of a sequential update of the stiffness (K) and mass (M) matrices up to the final configuration (dead and permanent load, also referred to as Status 1). A comparison between a more classic linear (mono-stage) calculation - with K and M constant - and the non-linear (by stages) calculation is then reported.
Evaluation of dam performance under seismic loads with DCR time history procedure, Case study of GERD main dam design
Alessandro Masciotta, Studio Masciotta
The paper shows a systematic methodology to estimate the expected level of damage in concrete structures under seismic loads, using linear time-history analysis as proposed by USACE_1110-2-6051.
The procedure evaluates the performance of the dam taking into account not only the magnitude of stress response but also their time dependent characteristics evaluating the Demand-Capacity-Ratio (DCR) defined as the ratio of computed tensile stress to tensile strength of the concrete and the Cumulative-Inelastic-Duration (CID), that refers to the total duration of stress excursions above the tensile strength.
The method has been used to design the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) along the Nile River. The dam, currently under construction, has a maximum height of 175m, it’s 1780m long and has a global volume of 10.1 Mm3
Because of the large amount of data descending from the LTHA, a specific software was developed in order to evaluate the DCR-CID values for each inquired point of the dam.
Paolo S. Valvo
University of Pisa
The European project SUREBridge - Analysis of laboratory test beams
Erika Davini, University of Pisa | Fabio Ricci, AICE Consulting Srl
The European research project SUREBridge (Sustainable Refurbishment of Existing Bridges) is developing a new concept for the structural strengthening of road bridges (www.surebridge.eu): glass fibre-reinforced polymer (GFRP) sandwich panels are installed on top of the existing concrete slabs; pre-stressed carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminates are adhesively bonded to the bottom of the longitudinal girders.
Laboratory tests were carried out on 6-m long beams subjected to four-point bending: one reference un-strengthened concrete beam and three strengthened beams. Finite element models of the tested beams were developed by using the commercial software Straus7. A fibre model with BEAM and LAMINATE elements was defined with specific non-linear stress-strain curves for the confined and unconfined concrete, steel rebars, GFRP, and CFRP. The theoretical load-deflection curves obtained through non-linear static analyses showed a very good matching with the experimental results.
University of Pisa
The European project SUREBridge - Analysis of a case study bridge
Paolo Sebastiano Valvo, University of Pisa | Fabio Ricci, AICE Consulting Srl
The European research project SUREBridge (Sustainable Refurbishment of Existing Bridges) is developing a new concept for the structural strengthening of road bridges (www.surebridge.eu): glass fibre-reinforced polymer (GFRP) sandwich panels are installed on top of the existing concrete slabs; pre-stressed carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminates are adhesively bonded to the bottom of the longitudinal girders.
A real bridge located in San Miniato (Pisa) was selected as a case study for the design of a strengthening intervention. A finite element model of the existing bridge was created by using the commercial finite element software Straus7. The outcomes of an in situ experimental campaign were used to define the geometry of the BEAM and PLATE elements, as well as their material properties. A finite element model of the strengthened bridge was then developed to evaluate the increased load-carrying capacity and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed technique.
Coffee Break Time
Paola Isabella Valenzi
Amba Aradam - An Underground Metro Station in the Historical Centre of Rome
Luca Nardoni, CODING S.r.l. | Pietro Luciani, CODING S.r.l. | Eliano Romani, Metro C S.C.p.A.
Amba Aradam-Ipponio is an underground station currently under construction on the new Line C of Rome metro, the major infrastructure project of the city. The station is located between two important interchanges of the Roman metro system – the station Fori Imperali-Colosseo, transfer point to Line B and San Giovanni
station, transfer point to Line A. During digging for the station in 2016, a Praetorian Guard barracks, dating back to the 2nd century AD and believed to have been constructed under the Emperor Hadrian, was discovered 9 metres below street level. The station requires an excavation until to a depth of 30m, so the entire ancient Roman site will be moved, stored safely and later would be replaced at their original depth.
This presentation describes the design of the Amba Aradam-Ipponio station. For the complexity of both excavation geometry and staged construction, a number of issues related to the modelling of the structure in 3D finite element were investigates. Soil parameters used in models were derived from in situ soil
investigation. The construction sequence, retaining structure and building material were developed from the detail design of this project. The objective of the study is to provide a detailed assessment of structural forces in the internal walls and slabs on the basis of different modelling assumptions. The findings of this
study can have a wider application to underground structures, like stations and parking lots.
Stacker and Reclaimer for Coal Storage
E-CL ‘Blue Dolphin Project – Antofagasta (CHILE)
In these months, two Bedeschi machines are being assembled for a new outdoor coal storage area, that will supply the thermoelectric power plant in Antofagasta region – Chile.
All activities of engineering, design and supply have been developed by Bedeschi S.p.A. of Limena (Padua) on behalf of Dimisa, a Mexican firm which was awarded the supply of conveyors and machines in the coal storage.
The storage area has a capacity of about 200 000 tons, plant size is 266 x 63 meters and off-the-ground height is 12 m.
The two machines supplied by Bedeschi are: a rotating stacker, capacity 3600 t / h, total weight approx. 450 tons, electric power installed approx. 400 kW; a portal reclaimer, capacity 1700 t / h, total weight approx. 530 tons, electric power installed approx. 700 kW.
In addition to the huge size of the machines, the engineering and design had to consider a particularly severe seismic Client specification, since the machines are installed in a zone with frequent earthquakes.
By means of Straus7 software, static verifications were carried out for the main load conditions (own weight, operating loads, wind) as well as seismic calculations with modal analysis and response spectrum.
Chernobyl New Safe Confinement - A Practical Example of Bim Approach in the Production Process
Chernobyl New Safe Confinement large span arch roof will be presented as a successful project made by Cimolai, company leader in the steel construction.
The content of the presentation will introduce some key aspects of the structural design, workflow and management of the production process, erection on site and actual status of the project.
Costs-Benefits analysis of different seismic retrofit solutions applied to a medium span bridge
Alessandro Contin, E2B srl
The aim of the study is a FEM analysis of the behavior of different seismic retrofit methods applied to a medium span bridge. The most common devices such as elastomeric isolators, pendulum isolators, fluid viscous and hysteretic dampers are compared in terms of economic and structural benefits.
University of Naples Federico II
Full and Perforated Metal Plate Shear Walls for seismic protection of existing reinforced concrete buildings: numerical calibration of experimental tests and simplified design criteria
In the present work it has been investigated the use of metal perforated shear panels for seismic retrofitting of existing reinforced concrete (rc) structures. In this context, the use of traditional metal panels, due to the development of diagonal tensile stresses generated on rc structures, often requires expensive and invasive local reinforcement interventions of existing members. Solutions based on low-yield steels and pure aluminium alloys allow to limit the extent of the actions that panels exert on rc beams and columns. An alternative technique is based on the use of steel perforated shear panels which, thanks to the presence of suitably arranged circular holes on the plates, can either eliminate or reduce the aforementioned reinforcing interventions. In the paper, after the development of a FEM model for steel perforated panels calibrated on experimental results, it has been simulated, by using the nonlinear analysis software ABAQUS, the experimental test conducted on a rc structure adequate with metal shear panels within the ILVA-IDEM research project. Subsequently, on this structure it has been evaluated the effectiveness of using perforated panels with different arrangement of holes (diffused or concentrated on edges) in order to reduce the strengthening of rc members. In conclusion, simplified criteria for the design of aforementioned seismic devices have been developed as a function of seismic deficiencies expressed by the existing rc structures examined.
Magneto-dynamic loudspeakers have been used for decades as the primary transduction method for transforming an electric signal into acoustic pressure. One of the most important aspects when designing a quality loudspeaker is to try to minimise distortion, usually primarily caused by two factors: mechanical nonlinearities and electromagnetic nonlinearities. The latter finds one of its core causes in the change of inductance as a function of the coil excursion within the air gap. This unwanted effect can be reduced and kept under control through the use of demodulation rings or copper caps.
In this paper, a thorough FE simulation of this phenomenon will be carried out with the use of COMSOL Multiphysics. 2D axisymmetric simulations were chosen for their efficiency over 3D simulations. For the scope of this analysis, a 15 inch neodymium woofer was chosen as the loudspeaker under test.
FMI: an enabling technology for digital twin development
Filippo Furlan, EnginSoft SpA
The FMI (Functional Mock-up Interface) is a standard that provides a set of interfaces for model exchange and co-simulation of dynamic models across different tools. It is an important task for designing, testing, and integrating different domain parts to describe the behavior of the overall system. The main advantages of this approach are to (i) identify potential issues with real machine counterpart throughout the life of the machine; (ii) enable advanced strategies for compensating for decreased performance without slowing or stopping production; (iii) represent a way for the integration of a real-time implementation of the Digital Twin (high-fidelity models) since it can be run in-line with the real machine; (iv) accelerate commissioning process, reduce risks and decrease costs.
In this talk, after an introduction of the FMI and Digital Twin technologies we present a case study regarding the use of FMI capabilities available in MapleSim thought the MapleSim Connector for FMI.
Electrolux Major Appliances Europe
Modelling of a whole oven in its kitchen furniture to lower down the front door temperature in different operating conditions
Vincenzo Colozzo, Electrolux Major Appliances Europe
The aim of the activity is to optimize the reviewed cooling system of an area of an oven for domestic use to obtain lower front door temperature for customer safety during oven operation especially during the self-cleaning cycle when the cavity reaches about 450°C. At the same time the cooling system has to perform the cooling of the kitchen furniture to preserve it during lifetime and the cooling of all the functional parts like electronics and components. To perform this investigation a whole oven installed in its kitchen furniture has been modeled. All the loads (heaters) have been modeled together the ventilation system (cooling and oven cavity heat distribution) and radiation has been included in the energy equations as well. At the same time a prototype of the real oven has been prepared to align the virtual model.
The first run has the scope to validate the model and give the general overview of the area where to concentrate the investigation.
In consequence of that a detailed 3D analysis on the cooling system has been performed to optimize the geometry and air intake configuration to optimize it.
In the end the best cooling assembly have been verified first in the virtual prototype and then in the real oven. Target has been finally reached and confirmed by advanced prototype.
ACTIVE Digital Manufacturing oriented to Zero Defects Manufacturing and Predictive Maintenance
Nicola Gramegna, EnginSoft SpA
Digital Transformation is an integrated approach to transform traditional and modern manufacturing methods into more efficient processes. The related digital scenario considers the usage of a Cyber Physical System (CPS) where all the machines are interconnected and every product have its own intelligence, storing various pieces of information, such as customer configuration, destination and production data.
The big amount of acquired data from sensors, devices and machines can be used to train smart cognitive systems that increase productivity, ensure less waste, and allow significant cost savings
The know-how of the production process is based on complex correlations between setup, signal and quality indexes creating the real-time Quality prediction model.
With those elaborated data, another important task that can be implemented is the Predictive Maintenance, considering the main two different faces of the process: predict risk of failure (looking back) and apply controls to predict imminent issues (looking forward).
So data can be transformed into intelligent production lines that don’t stop when a given station or machine interconnected fails: human, products and machines can work together to re-act, apply autonomously safe corrections and re-plan the production process.
Istanbul Technical University
Investigating the effect of ceramic materials on structural analysis of ball bearing
Rotational motion was always a challenge for industry which it caused the invention of ball bearing. It has been pass through different ways until today that we can easily use every type of rolling bearings.
Apparently the most common type of ball bearing is deep groove ball bearing because of its ability to support the higher loads. Also according to its geometry, most of the studies about simulation of ball bearing were done on deep groove ball bearing. Recent studies about simulation of ball bearing show us static analysis analysis which gives us primary information about the motion of ball bearing. According to the reviews some studies were done to reach the motion, but the final displacement of ball bearing was about 6 degrees. The aim of this study is to reach the motion of ball bearing. Eventually results are obtained in 20 degrees’ rotational displacement. The other aim of this study is to prove the better performance of hybrid bearings. Ceramic and steel materials are used in this study to reach this case.
Coffee Break Time
Maschio Gaspardo SpA
Improving the performances of agricultural equipment using simulation
Nicola Petrone, University of Padova | Natalino Dorigutto, Maschio Gaspardo SpA | Fabiano Maggio, EnginSoft SpA
The world of the agricultural equipment extends from simple implements to large and complex self-propelled machines. While the latter have always been treated with automotive standards in terms of research and development, for the low to mid end products the objectives have constantly been short times to market and effective cost-saving measures, even at the expense of final quality.
Maschio Gaspardo wants to disprove this paradigm, showing that the implementation of advanced technologies (like in-depth FEM analyses) for agricultural machines is feasible and convenient even on products previously overlooked, leading to improved performances.
To do this, a partnership has been established with the University of Padova: the pilot project of this cooperation will be presented in this paper. Focused on sprayer booms, the study will show the steps leading to a revised and improved version of these components, used to spray chemicals on fields and crops and therefore crucial for the safety of the environment and the quality of the harvest.
University of Padova
Structural optimization of a component for the power transmission of a Formula-SAE car
Giovanni Meneghetti, University of Padova | Fabiano Maggio, EnginSoft SpA | Federico Andrea Bologna, EnginSoft SpA| Adriano Bernardi, Sisma spa
This research project aims at fully exploiting the potential of Additive Manufacturing technologies in the re-design of a component of the FSAE UNIPD car transmission. By using the topological optimization program Genesis GTAM®, a geometrical configuration has been defined, followed by a second-step optimisation phase performed by using MODEfrontier in conjunction with Ansys Workbench. Mass minimisation while maintaining static as well as fatigue strength were the objective and the constraints, respectively. Further to the design phase, the component will be additively manufactured. Finally, the prototype will be tested at the test bench at the University of Padova by applying the spectrum loading acquired in the track.
University of Weimar
ModeFRONTIER for the Optimal Design of Electrical Machines
Timon Rabczuk, Institute of Structural Mechanics, Bauhaus University Weimar
Scientific optimization has become a popular term in the modern design of electrical machines. Due to the current competitive and dynamic market, and the increasing importance of energy efficiency and energy conservation, the design optimization of electrical machines has become an essential strategy for research and development. Yet the multi-disciplinary, multiobjective, high-dimensional, nonlinear, and coupled nature of the electrical machines’ design optimization poses a great challenge to the research communities. Nevertheless, the recent advanced algorithms for multiobjective optimization and multiple-criteria decision analysis have been empowering designers to push the existing boundaries of electrical machines design in dealing with the complexity for the novel concepts and innovative designs. This paper presents a state of the art survey on the advancements of the novel optimization tools and applications, and further demonstrates the ability of modeFrontier in this realm.
Tuesday 7th November
CFD simulation of adiabatic sprays
Fluid change of phase is a part of fluidodynamics less explored in the CFD analisys. As adiabatic sprays are in last years often used in several field like fire-fighting system the fluid simulation has been applied to predict behaviour of droplet in sprays.
Elio De Marinis
Fatigue and vibration analyses of a chainsaw using a design chain approach
Paolo Verziagi, Emak SpA | Antonio Lauciello, Emak SpA
This work presents how MapleSim and ANSYS WorkBench have been successfully integrated within EMAK design chain for fatigue and vibration analyses, exploiting the best in class features of both modeling and simulation tools. The chainsaw design starts with a multibody model created in MapleSim, that allows to learn about the excitings of the engine during the operating cycle at counter. All the peculiarities of the 2T engine have been modeled.
The N resulting excitings are collected and then analyzed with a template in Maple to reduce the frequency content through the DFT study; a time reconstruction is also performed to verify that the new signal is consistent with the original one exporting it to an appropriate format. In ANSYS WB a model of the machine has been created trying to validate experimentally all of its aspects (modal shapes, rigidity, damping). An harmonic analysis is performed using N excitings with Maple, followed by a‘rainflow’ calculation on all components involved in fatigue study.
Antonio Zamperla S.p.A.
Integrated multi disclipinary tool to design roller coasters
The design of a Roller Coaster merges the complexity that can be found in the design of an industrial automatic machinery line with the peculiarity of the big civil steel structures. It involves people with different roles and skills that must work together in the same project at the same time with the logic of concurrent engineering.
With the purpose of increase the product quality, minimizing mistakes through the design process and reducing the lead time of the design, Zamperla has developed a multi disciplinary tool that integrates the different design phases.
This paper describes the design process that can be summarized in its three big phases: the design of the track path involving a 3D CAD complex modelling, the determination of the relative kinematics and dynamics by means of a Multi-Body approach, and the design of the track and columns structures through a FEM structural analysis fatigue oriented.
A dynamic finite element modell to determine in-situ biomechanics of a running shoe
Serafim Chaztimoisiadis, BETA CAE System | Evagelos Karatsis, BETA CAE System | Alexander Tsouknidas, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia | Maria Papagiannaki, School of Physical Education & Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Dimitrios Sagris, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical Educational Institute of Central Macedonia | Stergios Maropoulos, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical Educational Institute of Western Macedonia
As a periodic motion, running generates transient forces that reach up to 2.5 times the athlete’s body mass. The transition of these loads to the runner’s lower extremities, is mitigated only by apt footwear.
This investigation introduces a dynamic Finite Element (FE) model of a running shoe, considering time varying plantar pressure distributions and boundary conditions. For this purpose, a commercial running shoe was scanned by means of a micro CT device and its gel based midsole, reverse-engineered at a 200μm accuracy. The obtained model was used to suggest improvements of material allocation within the midsole system.
Both, altered positioning and varying gel volume led to different midsole responses that could be tuned more efficiently to the specific strike pattern. The shock absorbing capacity of technical midsole systems, is critical both to athletes and patients in need of prescribed therapeutic footwear.
Advanced modeling techniques used in this study provide an effective alternative to conventional experimentation, both in the conceptual design and optimization of modern footwear.
University of Roma "Tor Vergata"
Hemo-Elastic study of ascending thoracic aorta aneurysms through RBF mesh morphing
Emiliano Costa, RINA Consulting S.p.A. | Marco E. Biancolini, University of Roma "Tor Vergata" | Katia Capellini, BioCardioLab, Fondazione CNR-Regione Toscana "G. Monasterio", Massa | Simona Celi, BioCardioLab, Fondazione CNR-Regione Toscana "G. Monasterio", Massa
The present paper aims at describing an approach to perform parametric fluid-structure interaction (FSI) analyses of healthy subjects with ascending thoracic aorta aneurysms (aTAA). Such numerical studies are performed through ANSYS® Workbench™ and foresee the use of both computational structural mechanics (CSM) and computational fluid-dynamics (CFD) software to handle the FSI task according to the two-way approach, and of a mesh morphing technique implemented in the RBF Morph™ ACT™ Extension, based on the radial basis functions (RBF) mathematical framework, to apply the shape variations in the respect of aneurysm shape growth. Both 3D surface models of healthy subjects and mean boundary conditions data for performing CFD simulations are obtained from 3D phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) acquisition, whilst the material properties of the aortic wall are modelled adopting an isotropic and hyperelastic model.
University of Padova
Global biohybrid network of biological and artificial neurons: a perspective on future IoT biomedical systems
The rapid development of implantable sensors and actuators for recording and intervention on human physiological parameters will lead to IoT based biomedical systems. This perspective implies, however, computational challenges, including the capability to process very heterogeneous and noisy real-world inputs in real time, reliably and with a very low power consumption. The brain has evolved throughout evolution to best perform this difficult task by implementing a sophisticated parallel computing approach based on networks of spiking neurons where nanoscale synaptic links take over part of the processing load. We show how, for the first time, a hybrid network of biological and artificial neurons communicating through nanoelectronic synaptic links can be established over internet connection. The technology paves the way to investigation and development of novel brain-inspired computing paradigms supporting IoT and autonomous systems and to advanced neuroprosthetic devices.
Piping Systems Research & Engineering Co NTP (Truboprovod)
Flow distribution analysis of complex pipeline systems with two phase flow
Leonid Korelstein, Piping Systems Research & Engineering Co (NTP Truboprovod)
Flow rate distribution analysis method for complex piping systems with gas-liquid two phase boiling/condensing flow was developed and implemented in Hydrosystem software. The method is an extension of Global Gradient Algorithm initially proposed for water piping systems analisys. The new feature is widely used for transfer pipelines in refineries and steam tracing systems in power industry.
Piping System Research & Engineering Co
Development of a numerical method for the solution of a heat conduction problem with nonstandard boundary conditions at calculation of heat change in thermal-insulating constructions with piping steam/water trace heating
Viktor Pocajt, JSC Giprogazoochistka
A two-dimensional stationary heat exchange problem modeling the process of heating of the pipeline with the stopped product flow by steam/water trace on a requirement of maintenance of the given temperature of a product on all length the pipeline is considered. It is proposed to solve this problem approximately by replacing it by heat conduction 2D problem in circular (product) and annular (pipe) regions with 3rd type boundary conditions with different effective heat transfer coefficients on different parts of boundary. Effective engineering solution of the later problem was obtained using Fourier series.
The approximate problems solutions and results of computer model operation are compared and the suitability of the developed method for engineering problems is shown.
The use of acoustic techniques to detect water intrusion in submarine pipelines and monitor pipeline flooding part I – main operating and numerical aspects
Diana Magnabosco, EnginSoft SpA | Paolo Catena, Saipem SpA | Paolo Monti, Saipem SpA | Lorenzo Bucchieri, EnginSoft SpA
The laying of submarine pipelines is an offshore operation that continues to be defined by its challenging technological features. Indeed, current projects may involve the installation of submarine pipelines along routes extending over hundreds of kilometres or at water depths in excess of 2000 m. Sometimes the two requirements are coupled.
While submarine pipelines are usually laid empty, water ingress cannot be excluded as a consequence of accidental events. Progressive pipeline flooding can represent a significant risk, both for pipeline operations and for the safety of the laybarge performing them. Consequently, both water ingress and the ensuing pipeline flooding need to be detected and tracked in real time in order to support the remedial actions implemented on board the laybarge.
Saipem has developed a tool, the Integrated Acoustic Unit (IAU), based on a non-invasive acoustic technology. The IAU is capable of localizing obstacles (e.g. pigs, inline items) or pipe deformations, and of detecting and tracking any intrusion of water through the measurement of the wave reflection it produces. Different numerical and analytical methods and softwares have been developed in-house to convert the acoustic wave reflection into a measurement of pipe obstruction or deformation and track pipeline flooding.
This paper first of all introduces the main operational aspects associated with the laying of submarine pipelines. These include the requirements for managing accidental events such as the water ingress and progressive pipeline flooding, and the use of the acoustic technology needed to detect and track any intrusion. It then discusses the numerical activities that support the detection of the water ingress and the tracking of the pipeline flooding from the measurement of the acoustic wave reflection.
The use of acoustic techniques to detect water intrusion in submarine pipelines and monitor pipeline flooding part II – dedicated CFD simulations
Paolo Monti, Saipem SpA | Lorenzo Bucchieri, EnginSoft SpA | Paolo Catena, Saipem SpA | Natalia Pierozzi, Saipem SpA
The laying of submarine pipelines is an offshore operation that continues to be defined by its challenging technological features. Indeed, current projects may involve the installation of submarine pipelines along routes extending over hundreds of kilometres or at water depths in excess of 2000 m. Sometimes the two requirements are coupled.
While submarine pipelines are usually laid empty, water ingress cannot be excluded as a consequence of accidental events. Progressive pipeline flooding can represent a significant risk, both for pipeline operations and for the safety of the laybarge performing them. Consequently, both water ingress and the ensuing pipeline flooding need to be detected and tracked in real time in order to support the remedial actions being implemented on board the laybarge.
Saipem has developed a tool, the Integrated Acoustic Unit (IAU), based on a non-invasive acoustic technology (reflectometry). The IAU is capable of localizing obstacles (e.g. pigs, inline items) or pipe deformations, and of detecting and tracking any intrusion of water. The use of this acoustic technology to detect and track water intrusion is presented in a separate paper.
The efficiency of the technology can be heavily affected by the presence of laying tools in the pipeline, an obstacle that in turn can generate a spurious acoustic wave reflection, on the one hand, and muffle acoustic wave propagation throughout the pipeline, on the other.
This detrimental effect on the performance of the acoustic technology can be significant if a laying tool is located in proximity to the water ingress. In such cases, the tool can act as a “cork” for the water’s propagation, resulting in an additional obstacle for acoustic wave propagation which then further reduces the performance of the acoustic technology, potentially down to a level that makes its use totally ineffective.
This paper presents a CFD simulation which was performed to study water ingress in detail and to quantify additional obstacles to its propagation. Reference is made to a realistic pipelaying scenario and accidental event.
Evaluation of heat exchanger erosion and integrity in nuclear power plants
In the context of the safety reassessments of the French nuclear power plants following the Fukushima accident, it was decided to install a post-accident system that allows the residual power of the reactor building to be evacuated.
This evacuation is carried out by means of a tube exchanger with U-tubes, in which circulates the contaminated fluid which is cooled from water pumped directly into river or sea depending on the sites.
The exchanger must be able to operate continuously and completely safely for a whole year, and since the barrier between the contaminated fluid and the cold source is the bundle of tubes, each tube must remain mechanically resistant in order to ensure the leak tightness of this barrier.
The cold water which circulates inside the exchanger tubes, although filtered, remains charged with particles of sand with up to 300 ppm by mass, which causes erosion inside the tubes.
It is to evaluate the loss of thickness due to this erosion that this study is carried out using a CFD approach on a bent tube and in view of this loss of thickness, the integrity under pressure of the eroded tube is checked by a finite element analysis of it.
Coffee Break Time
Leaf seal dynamic analysis
Leaf seal is a common sealing system in gas turbines and jet engines. One of its typical applications consists in creation of sealing between the combustion chamber and the first stage nozzle, while allowing their relative motions. This kind of sealing could be subjected to rupture due to dynamic phenomena triggered by chattering, which typically occurs once partial or total contact is lost between the leaf and one of the mating components, due to system kinematics and/or dynamics (acoustic pulsations, rotordynamics, transient fluid dynamics effects). At present the common practice in BHGE seal dynamic design is a trial and error approach based on direct system testing. The present research aims at investigating leaf seal dynamic response through numerical simulations and verifying the possible occurrence of chattering. With this scope a non linear dynamic analysis has been performed on the leaf seal connecting the inner liner to the annular combustion chamber of GE Nova LT16 gas turbine.
The analysis consisted in a sensitivity study of the seal dynamic response in time domain against different static delta pressures, friction coefficients and leaf seal inclinations. Analysis revealed that friction plays a fundamental role in system damping and that the stabilized conditions at impulsive excitation are representative of the response at cyclic excitation. Results also showed that the natural frequencies and the mode shapes of the leaf seal calculated through a detailed non linear approach for the stabilized conditions are the same as those computed through a simpler linear modal analysis, where actual contact status between the parts and static pre-stress are considered. Analysis also revealed that the first natural frequency of the leaf seal in all its operating and kinematic envelope is sufficiently higher than the forcing acoustic frequencies and therefore chattering does not occur whenever the contact (even partial) with nozzle and liner is being maintained.
Advanced Engineering Solutions
Efficiency Assessment of Heat Exchangers with Gyroid Topology
Minimal Surface Lattice structures based upon the gyroid topology have been one of nature's time-tested patterns. Callophrys Rubi butterflies and calcite particles use gyroids for light weight structural members. New in fill capabilities in ANSYS SpaceClaim and Additive Layer Manufacturing (ALM) empowers designers to create nature-inspired gyroid components. The nature of gyroid topology to separate the domain in two different independent spaces enables the generation of efficient heat exchangers. A model generation and the results of a CFD study of triply periodic gyroid heat exchangers will be presented.
BETA CAE Systems
Design optimization of a Free-Fall-Life-Boat (FFLB) using Fluid Structure Interaction and Kinematics analyses
George Korbetis, BETA CAE Systems | Dimitrios Drougkas, BETA CAE Systems
The FFLBs are used for emergency evacuation from ships and offshore structures. It is of great importance to predict the behavior of such vessels at the early design stages and assure the proper function in hazardous conditions. Critical parameters such as, occupant’s acceleration, vessel’s strength and successful moving away from the accident area have to be considered during the design and verification process.
Combined CFD and FEA algorithms are used to analyze vessel’s behavior, where numerous iterations are needed to succeed convergence including interpolation of the dynamic loads from the CFD to the FEA. However, the use of an FSI algorithm can acquire results much faster and thus the design optimization can become a realistic and cost effective approach.
In this paper, a case study of a FFLB analysis is presented using an FSI solver while a Kinematic solver calculates the initial conditions of the FSI analysis for different initial positions of the vessel.
SUPSI - DTI - MEMTi
AA – CAES plant modelling in Simscape
Alessandro Pizzoferrato, SUPSI - DTI - MEMTi | Viola Becattini, ETH Zürich | Andreas Haselbacher, ETH Zürich | Giw Zanganeh, ALACAES | Maurizio C. Barbato, SUPSI - DTI - MEMTi
Electric energy storage is becoming of paramount importance for the future. A viable alternative to pumped hydro plants, in terms of both power and energy storage capacity, is given by Advanced Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage (AA-CAES) plants. These systems can store electric energy via thermal and mechanical energy storage. In fact, electric energy feeds a motor that runs a compressor; the high-pressure hot air obtained is cooled with a thermal energy storage (TES) and than stocked into a cavern. When electric energy is requested by the grid, the high-pressure air is extracted from the cavern, heated passing through the TES and than expanded into a turbine-generator power block.
A Matlab-Simscape model was developed to simulate the dynamic behaviour of AA-CAES plants. Temperature dependent air properties, efficiency maps for turbomachinery and realistic power ramps were implemented. Moreover, the model is coupled with a 1D Fortran code, which models the detailed dynamics of a packed-bed TES. Model validation against experimental data and performance simulation for a full scale plant working for a typical week are presented.
El Arem Raja
High School of Energy Engineering
CFD simulation of a household refrigerator integrating a PCM heat exchanger
Mellouli Sofiene, High School of Energy Engineering | Abdelmajid Jemni, High School of Energy Engineering
A numerical investigation was carried out to improve the energy efficiencyof a household refrigerator by integrating a Phase Change Material (PCM) to accumulate thermal energy and stabilize the temperature in the refrigerator compartment. A novel design of PCM heat exchanger is proposed in this investigation. The experimental results indicate that by integrating this novel PCM heat exchanger, power consumption is reduced by 12% and the COP is increased by 8% compared to the refrigerator without PCM. In order to identify the best performing designs among various cases of refrigerator compartments placed with PCM, 2D unsteady state CFD simulations were made. For all the cases, the household refrigerator was simulated to study the influence of the PCM emplacement on the temperature and velocity fields. The computational results indicate that using PCM emplacements on the evaporator, walls, and in the racks of the refrigerator compartments has a significant influence to stabilize and homogenize rapidly the temperature (86.66% improvement over the basic configuration ). However, there is a limit beyond which increasing PCM coverage in the racks more than 75% does not lead to any significant improvements.
Tuesday 7th November
Brembana & Rolle
CFD analysis of an industrial burner for a regeneration gas heater application
Thomas Odry, Brembana & Rolle | Marco Rottoli, Brembana & Rolle | Annarosa Troia, EnginSoft
Burners are widely used to satisfy the request of thermal energy in many industries. The design of a burner and the related heat transfer equipment must fulfill severe safety requirements, in order to avoid issues during the operation stage. One of the risk is that the flame can impinge onto tubes or other part of the equipment, with consequent safety issues. In the oil and gas industry, some fired equipment design practices dictate the maximum flame length with respect to the size of the radiant chamber. Flame length is usually determined by performing a dedicated firing test, but CFD can be conveniently used for this purpose. The present work describes a numerical analysis of a gas-fired burner in a vertical cylindrical fired heater. Starting from the 2D drawing, a 3D model of the burner and the radiant section of the heater was created and meshed with ICEM CFD. The solver ANSYS CFX was used to run the simulation. The analysis was developed in cooperation with Enginsoft, especially in the development of the 3D model and meshing stage. Different load conditions of the burner have been tested, in order to check the flame height at different conditions.
University of Weimar
Reviewing the Multiobjective Optimization Package of modeFRONTIER in Energy Sector
The multiobjective optimization (MOO) software package of modeFrontier has recently become popular within industries, academics and research communities. Today, universities as well as research institutes are using modeFrontier optimization toolboxes for teaching and research proposes around the world. One of the reason behind the popularity of the package, is the way it utilizes the available resources in an efficient and integrated manner and providing multidimensional post-processing tools. The user-friendly design optimization environment of modeFrontier integrates various optimization methods with the major computer aided engineering codes and commercial numerical analysis tools. Among the wide range of applications of modeFrontier, the energy sector, particularly, has been highly benefiting from the advancements in design optimization. This article presents the state of the art survey of the novel applications of modeFrontier in this realm.
MARELLI MOTORI SPA
Improving efficiency while reducing cost of electrical motors and generators: multiphysics simulations are the way to hit the target
Power generation is day-by-day becoming more competitive, reliable and eco-friendly. Marelli Motori is focused on innovation, aiming to match the market needs (Hydro, Cogeneration, O&G etc) increasing efficiency, reliability and lowering environmental footprint of Its Generators and Electric motors.
The achievement of these targets must be done with cost reduction: overly expensive products means “unsaleable”.
By that, the needing to develop multiphysics simulations on all the components: Structural analysis for strength and deformations, Dynamic analysis for the operating behavior, CFD and Thermal studies on cooling efficiency. Everything accompanied by the decreasing of costs on product development and shorting time-to-market. The ability to face these engineering challenges has considerably improved since spring 2016th when Marelli Motori decided to move to ANSYS products exploiting the potential of IoT which inspired the “IoS”: Internet of Simulations.
Numerous complex simulations with ANSYS have been developed to achieve best-in-class Generators. Structural simulations have turned their attention to the frame, the shield, the fan and the shaft which have been optimized to reduce the weights, always keeping in foreground mechanical safety and reliability. The rotor, the fan and the stator have been involved to reach the optimum-point between cost reduction and thermal efficiency. In fact, the design arises from Structural and CFD calculations to increase cooling efficiency and thermal exchange, lowering hot-spots inside the Generator with the purpose to maximize power output and minimize costs. Everything has been integrated with Dynamic simulations: Modal Analysis to find Natural frequencies and subsequent Harmonic Response according to operating conditions. These simulations ensure mechanical reliability of the GenSet also working in exceptional loading conditions. A key role in the drastic reduction of development times has been played by SpaceClaim: defeaturing, 3D Modeling as well as the ease of handling geometric parameterization inside Workbench interface, allowed to manage modifications very quickly. What about dead times?
Often the CAE analyst launches simulations, but needs to go to the Test Room, on a meeting or in another Company headquarter without the possibility to check the trend of convergence nor to modify parameters. “IoS concept” is based on a simple smartphone connected on VPN, a dedicated APP with notifications about the simulation status and the possibility to manage only many Key parameters via Remote Control. This means Zero additional costs and considerable time saved.
Multiphysics simulations extended to the different aspects of Generators allowed to reach the best result for each single component. The merge among the knowledge of Marelli Motori and ANSYS products were key to achieve valuable results to grow up the competitiveness of products in the worldwide market. Increased efficiency, cost reduction of components, reduced development time have been done for different product-series. Final results can be synthetized by the ratio “Power output over Final cost” which in many cases raised up to a double digit percentage improvement.
This Engineering project has been posted in the top-ten “Ansys Hall of Fame Competition 2017-Commercial Entry”.
Prediction of the overall performance of a centrifugal pump by means of a CFD simulation
Bruno Schiavello, Flowserve | Davide Pirola, Flowserve
Centrifugal pumps are the most commonly used in different industrial fields like power generation, oil & gas, chemical plants, desalination, pipeline, water treatment, agriculture, automotive, aerospace, and domestic applications. On the other hand, centrifugal pumps are a very complex type of turbomachines in which mechanical energy is converted into pressure energy by means of blades action and angular momentum change. The design of a large size centrifugal pump with conflictual requirements from customized specifications is a hard engineering challenge. To design and develop a centrifugal pump, it is very important to have a long experience and ability to predict the final performance with good accuracy. The design can be very complex because the flow in a centrifugal pump is turbulent, three dimensional and time-dependent. The primary purpose of this paper is to show a comparison between numerical analysis performed by means of a commercial code and the experimental results obtained during the testing phase of a very large in-line centrifugal pump, including suction casing – double suction impeller – double volute – discharge branch diffuser. The key focus will be in the comparison between test measurements and numerical results in term of overall performance (head, power and efficiency) as verification and validation of the CFD simulation for future applications.
Coffee Break Time
Astarte Strategies Srl
Cone-meter performance optimisation through a CFD-experimental approach
Marco Bertoli, Astarte Strategies S.r.l. | Antonio Landi, Bono Energia S.p.A. | Gianluca Marongiu, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Chimica e dei Materiali (DIMCM)| Francesco Cambuli, Astarte Strategies S.r.l. and Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Chimica e dei Materiali (DIMCM)
V-cone flow meters are widely adopted due to their many advantages, as a wide rangeability, low sensitivity to vibration and are suitable for many types of fluids and two-phase flows.
The actual reference standard prescribes geometric, installation and operating procedures for V-cone meter measurements in ducts and calibration instructions with specific ranges of main geometric and operating parameters.
To overcome the limitations of the standard and better adapt the geometry to the requirements of an industrial application, a design optimization of a V-cone meter has been done through a combined numerical and experimental approach. The numerical model has been validated against wind tunnel tests on a scale model. A CFD analysis on the modified-to-standard configuration leaded to the calibration relation of the measuring device. Results have shown a good accuracy of the calibration formulas and an appreciable rangebility of the cone meter in the proposed configuration.
Wettability models in pool boiling numerical simulation
Marco Marengo, University of Brighton | Anastasios Georgoulas, University of Brighton | Joël Joël De Coninck, Laboratoire de Physique des Surfaces et Interfaces
Valve CFD comparison between ANSYS CFX and CONSELF
Roberta Messina, Tecnohit | Fabio Zanoletti, Tecnohit
INTRODUCTION In recent years and thanks to cloud computing development, a certain number of companies are proposing tools to simulate directly from your own browser using remote hardware resources. In many cases, these tools are user-interfaces that allows an easy management of open-source software such as OpenFOAM. As one may expect, given the popularity of both CFX and OpenFOAM, many comparisons already exists such as ,  and . Beside this, given the high number of users of OpenFOAM there are comparisons between OpenFOAM with experimental results, such as .
In the abovementioned tools, the presence of a user-interface actually limits the choices available in standard OpenFOAM in terms of boundary conditions and numerical schemes in particular, rising a new need of results validation for these modern tools.
SOFTWARE The software used for the current comparison are ANSYS CFX v18.1 and CONSELF v2.9.2, one of the abovementioned cloud providers based on CFD solver OpenFOAM v4.1.
GEOMETRY AND MESH The geometry considered is a simple bulb valve where pressure drop calculation is the main simulation drive. Given the geometry in STEP format two different meshes have been defined for the two solvers. With the possibilities offered by both systems, parameters were chosen in order to produce a similar quality mesh in both cases. A tetrahedral meshing algorithm has been chosen, with boundary layer treatment in both cases (5 layers with a first wall height of 8.0E-4 m) calculated to maintain y+ in the acceptable range for the used turbulence model. Mesh surface dimension is 2.0E-3 m, resulting in about 1 million elements in both configurations.
CFD ANALYSIS The CFD analysis is an incompressible steady flow at Re ⋍ 100 000. Four different boundaries are applied according to the following scheme: velocity inlet, pressure outlet, symmetry and wall. Turbulence is taken into account using a standard k-ε model . In order to reduce as much as possible the boundaries effects on the valve results, inlet and outlet boundaries are placed at least 5 times farther than dh - hydraulic diameter.
NUMERICAL SCHEMES The main difference between the two simulation software used is the numerical schemes used. CONSELF, based on OpenFOAM, can be described as a collocated software where variables are solved in segregated way with a SIMPLE pressure-velocity coupling is implemented . From the numerical point of view, gradient reconstruction is computed using a linear Gauss hypothesis, whilst the convective schemes uses a second order linear-upwind scheme, bounded to improve stability. Viscosity flows are limited, for the sake of stability, not to exceed the orthogonal contribution. From the algebraic point of view, two solvers are used: algebraic multi-grid for the continuity equation and Gauss-Seidel for all the other variables. CFX is a pressure-velocity coupled software. The reconstruction of the gradient term is computed using finite-element-shape functions. The convective term is computed using the High-Resolution-Scheme , that is a bounded scheme.
As said before, the main global result to be considered in the simulation is the pressure drop, calculated as the difference of static pressure at the inlet and at the outlet. Given this global parameter, further investigation on local variables are considered, such as pressure and velocity across the valve.
ANSYS CFX | CONSELF OPENFOAM - 922.38 | 1156.38
EXTRA CONTENTS IN FINAL PAPER The final paper is going to provide further details beside those here reported. A more advanced mesh comparison (also in terms of mesh quality, skewness and orthogonality) is necessary to provide a general overview of the results. Extra results post-processing will be provided in terms of graph comparisons, extracting velocity profiles at different locations.
Modeling Automated Tape Placement Process: in a multi-physics and multi-scale approach
Francisco Chinesta, ECN | Angel Leon, ECN | Hermine Tertrais, ECN
Automated tape placement is a promising composite forming process based on the fusion bonding of a prepreg tape on a substrate. By heating the interface between the incoming tape and substrate, and applying pressure, a laminate part out of autoclave can be obtained in one step, making the process attractive for industry.
In order to reach in-situ consolidation with this process, the material has to undergo several steps: heating, consolidation, and cooling. During these three stages, different physical phenomena occur, the important point is that all these phenomena take place at material interfaces and are governed by temperature and pressure. The critical aspects concerns the heating and consolidation step, when the bonding occurs.
In the present work, we propose a novel approach to improve the understanding of the consolidation step, we first propose to model the surface as a fractal which parameters are extracted from a prepeg experimental characterisation, the surface is then compressed and thermal exchanges at the microscales are computed. We improve the fractal modelisation by a wavelet description of the surface in order to work on a real surface topology and propose an experimental validation of outstanding results.
In a second hand we propose a reflexion around the interaction between waves and matter in order to improve the heating step.
CYBERNET SYSTEMS CO., LTD
Multiscale FEM analysis system embedded in ANSYS Workbench using ACT technique
Kenjiro Terada, Tohoku University | Norio Hirayama, Nihon University
Multiscale analysis based on homogenization theory is an important technique that enables to get an-isotropic material properties of non-homogeneous media without real material testing. Examples of non-homogeneous media are porous, metallographic structure, honeycomb and especially composite which is GFRP, CFRP and so on.
We have developed this analysis system and embedded in ANSYS Workbench GUI using ACT (ANSYS Customization Toolkit). The tool name is CMAS (Cybernet Multiscale Analysis System). It will be released to ANSYS user's web site this year.
In this talk, the function of developed Multiscale analysis system and some analysis examples are presented.
Key to Metals AG
New developments in a database of advanced material properties for CAE use
This paper describes innovative elements in a large database of advanced material properties for metallic materials, and recently polymers, ceramics, composites, foams and other non-metallic materials, aimed at serving the global engineering community with mechanical and physical properties needed for CAE (Computer Aided Engineering) calculations and simulations.
These advanced material properties have been divided to (1) stress-strain curves, (2) formability, (3) cyclic properties, (4) fracture mechanics, and (5) creep properties. Besides collecting and consolidating information for more than 40.000 materials and 200.000 datasets from more than 2.000 references, a specific set of algorithms has also been developed for assessing properties under various experimental conditions, service temperature, and heat treatment.
The paper will provide an insight into newly developed algorithms and functionalities, such as comparing materials and their properties, material selection, and special reverse engineering identification. Also, new data export functionalities and integration possibilities with CAE tools will be presented.
Massimo Dal Vecchio
CAE License Assessment: Optimizing Software Usage to Improve ROI
Advances in CAE software technology are changing the way many industries are working. Engineering companies can virtualize almost the entire go to market process using these applications. CAE, or CAx, applications allow for optimize designs, create virtual prototypes, use models for testing and get ready for production even before any physical artifact is ever built.
These innovative software tools will impact businesses in many ways: from changing their processes to rethinking their approach in managing software and IT assets. Understanding application usage patterns, constantly monitoring the efficiency in using them and developing appropriate accounting procedures for properly charge back costs to each project will be important steps in optimizing the economic efficiency and improve ROI.
In today’s session, we will focus on how you can optimize your engineering software licenses to make the most out of them. Implementing a software usage metering solution with powerful analytical capabilities you can reduce software costs, control your deployment processes, implement cost allocation based on actual usage by departments or projects and collect evidences for charging actual costs to customers.
Whether you’re managing CAE applications, usage metering allows you to provide the right software to the right person at the right time thereby optimizing your costs and improving your efficiency.
Interactive and scalable 3D visualization of large CAE models in the cloud
Andres Rodriguez-Villa, Ceetron AS | Francesco Palloni, SmartCAE srl
Over the last years, the CAE community has very slowly shifted towards cloud-based applications. In this architecture, CAE analyses are not only computed on remote servers, but they are also pre- and post-processed through web-based applications, for which visualizing and interacting with remote 3D models is a prerequisite of success and efficiency.
The major part of today cloud application use the pixel streaming approach, where the server produces images and sends them to client devices, seen as faraway screens. This approach not only has limitations that make it uncomfortable for the end user, such as low frame-rate and delays in the interaction with the model, but it requires also large bandwidth and powerful servers with dedicated CPU and GPU to perform the remote visualization.
A new approach for remote 3D visualization of CAE models is enabled by the WebGL standard, where the server still generates the display model, but instead of rendering it and sending an image, it streams it directly as a collection of textured triangles to the client, where it is rendered and displayed using the client’s CPU and GPU, with high speed and great user experience.
Progressive 3D object streaming will become the standard “any model, anywhere on any device” solution, if it succeeds in rendering large models even on clients with limited resources. This issue will be discussed in the paper, with special interest being given to current and future work at Ceetron AS on the subject.
Coffee Break Time
Using simulation and analysis tools to improve the bottom line
Industry-leading companies facing increased competition, more complex designs, and shorter design cycles are finding that increased use of simulation software allows them to better achieve their product availability, quality, and profitability objectives. Join Chris Wilkes as he presents the results of a recent survey of design teams worldwide to see how they use various simulation tools to achieve their business objectives. Topics to be presented include:
• What types of simulation software are being used
• Which types offer the most benefits
• The impact on time to market
• The impact on the number of prototypes used
• The challenges to increased adoption of simulation tools
You’ll learn how others are benefiting from simulation and analysis tools while overcoming the challenges associated with their increased usage.
Supercharge your workstation by moving your workload to the cloud. Preliminary results on a marine application
Cloud computing is increasingly becoming an enabling technology also for manufacturing companies. Main advantages are the scalability on multiple resources according to loading and the high reliability of cloud computing providers. Currently, cloud computing is available through different paradigms, namely SaaS, PaaS, IaaS. On the CAE market several start-ups and ISV are proposing cloud services, while big cloud providers such as Microsoft, Amazon and Google have their own IaaS proposition.
We evaluated a CFD workload in a marine application to measure the performances of a cloud provider in terms of elapsed time and scalability. The experiment showed that use of cloud computing can reduce in a relevant way time to results thanks to an immediate and unlimited availability of concurrent CFD runs thus enabling to study the typical resistance curve in a single slot of time.
In the last part of the paper we also discuss which are the current limitations and the advantages and the opportunities of running our simulations on cloud services.
Bulk handling analysis: not only mining
All over the world mining organizations are using DEM software to evaluate their bulk material handling systems. In the last years, thanks to the introduction of parallel computation on GPUs, DEM simulation could be successfully used also in other sectors, dealing with a high number of particles to be analyzed or in the need to use realistic particle forms and (not cluster of spheres). In the presentation, the potential of DEM simulation in non-mining sectors will be outlined, showing some applications in other industrial areas.
A multi-physics approach to model a Die Assisted Oil Quenching process
Giampaolo Campana, University of Bologna | Andrea Zanotti, Proterm S.p.A,
Quenching processes consist of a drastic cooling, from a high temperature, a nearly finished mechanical part in order to achieve the expected material performances. The rapid cooling changes material microstructures by typically enhancing mechanical properties but inducing distortions and residual stresses too.
The Die Assisted Oil Quenching (DAOQ) technique allows the heat treatment of a steel mechanical component though the use of a quickly cooled die, which applies a pressure on the part during the quenching. Through an accurate control of the cooling conditions, this process lay-out permits the reduction of distortions.
A challenging task is the modelling of the DAOQ process with the usage of a multi-physics approach including heat exchange, fluid dynamics, metallurgical aspects, volume variations and residual stresses prediction. The paper presents an investigation concerning a multi-physics model implementation of the DAOQ process. The simulated components were discs and rings characterized by specific diameter ratios. The tuning and validation of the model was achieved by comparing calculated displacements with real measurements.
Studio Dsm Srl
Stress and deformation analyses on a HPDC component
The actual market requests high quality products and low price in short time to market forcing the foundry-suppliers to reduce the scrap with significant improvement on casting design and process optimization. The design phase assumes a significant role in this challenge in order to evaluate the possible product-process solutions to obtain the component with the maximum quality characteristics (0 defects, stress-strain reduction and nominal tolerances response).
The case presented, by Studio DSM, will show a design procedure that takes into account the design development from the filling phase to the problems related to the residual stresses and deformations typical of the HPDC process on a component developed for the consumer goods sector
Sa&Bar's Business Case
My paper will be divided in two macro parts. First of all, a quick description of our company, since the foundation (1956) to the present. This part includes: our forming system (no-bake system) and a short view of which kind of pieces we produce. For the second part, the paper will analyze an effective business case, in particular we realized an engine stand, step by step, from the receiving of the 3D file for the maths from the customers, across the drawings of the casting system and addition of filters and sleeves, to arrive at the virtualizing of pouring and solidification. The last part of the paper will be formed by the conclusions. It will be studied the videos of pouring and solidification, to understand how the aluminium fill the shapes and the direction of solidification to the feeders. It will be concluded with a view of images that show the percentages of porosity and shrinkage, also a comparison between prototype before and later Magma.
Brabant Alucast International
HPDC process simulation using Magma 5 software integrated in the development of a new product and to improve parts already in production, software customization to make virtual reality closer to production reality
Bernardo Puddu, Brabant Alucast International
Brabant experience in the Magma 5 utilization in two main areas: new product development and solution of production issues.
In the first areas we set up a method that, used in an earlier stage of the project development, give opportunities to obtain an high level of optimization in terms of product and process design. This method makes really effective the process simulation.
In the production phase, process simulation can be an important tool to improve the casting quality. In this phase it’s particular important to co operate with the Production Department with a defined and clear protocol; the alignment with the real process is essential to create a strong instrument able to solve issues and improve casting quality.
Finally we show examples of our experience in customizing the method to tune the virtual environment with the production reality issue; we think this could be the way to evolve from standard users to become partner in software evolution, ready to be in line with the new challenges.
Coffee Break Time
Modelleria Brambilla S.p.a
A complex industrial application of Magma simulation software for porosity analysis and die modification design
In this presentation, a complex industrial application of Magma simulation is discussed. Magma software is used to design modifications on die and corebox by Modelleria Brambilla. The possible occurrence of porosities inside the bosses in a large AlSi7 alloy cylinder block is studied. First, the problem is clarified by matching the preliminary simulations of the originally designed die and of the foundry adjusted one. The problem is critical since it is necessary to analyze the solidification dynamics even during the pouring phase. Then, two possible design solutions are modeled, simulated and then discussed with the foundry practitioners. Finally, a solution is codesigned with foundry technicians and engine designers. The final simulations of the modified die in different working conditions verify the robustness of the process. The modification has been implemented and the foundry equipment is currently operating with good quality results.
Politecnico di Milano
CAE software to optimize feeding system of butt-weldedvalves
Flavio Bettoni, Fonderia Augusta | Ernesto Imperio, CNR Istituto di Tecnologie Industriali e Automazione | Giampietro Scarpa, EnginSoft
In sand mold casting, one of the critical elements to have good results is the design of the feeding system, which must be optimized to increase the casting’s yield and the foundry’s process efficiency.
The paper describes activities and results within a traineeship at Politecnico di Milano in collaboration with Fonderia Augusta , Fluicon Valves and Enginsoft.
The case study consists in the design of a feeding system for butt-welded top entry valves for cryogenic service. Thanks to MAGMA 5, a CAE software provided by Enginsoft, the evaluation of different feeding systems and different casting’s positions in the mold has been possible.
At the same time the possibility to reduce valves thickness of non-standard parts has been evaluated.
The simulation of three different casting configurations has allowed to define the best solution characterized by 20% casting material reduction and a significant surface defects reduction.
AFIL - Associazione Fabbrica Intelligente Lombardia
The Vanguard Initiative: an opportunity for manufacturing companies to exploit network of pilot plants to validate high-risk investments in efficient and sustainable manufacturing
In the frame of the initiative “Vanguard – New Growth Through Smart Specialization”, AFIL together with EURECAT is coordinating the “ESM – Efficient and Sustainable Manufacturing” pilot project with the intent of conceiving and developing a European networked infrastructure of pilot plants in key-areas of manufacturing. By leveraging available research results, ESM European pilot plants will support companies’ innovation in breakthrough technologies and applications that require manufacturing efficiency and sustainability. This approach will generate European competitive value chains exploiting synergies and complementarities of different regional specialization in the framework of circular economy, intelligent and digital factory, energy efficiency and sustainable materials.
Robert Bosch Gmbh
Rapid reconfiguration of flexible production systems
Marcello Colledani, Politecnico di Milano - Dipartimento di Meccanica | Giovanni Paolo Borzi, EnginSoft SpA
A novel capability-based approach is presented, enabling to design production systems from mechatronic objects and to adapt production systems capabilities based on the workpiece requirements.
This approach facilitates the automatic matching between workpiece requirements and resource capabilities, therefore enabling two important phases: new production system designs (green-field design phase) and online reconfiguration management of operational systems (i.e., production and reconfiguration planning). Moreover, it provides the basis for the auto-programming of the mechatronic objects for required tasks, therefore enabling rapid reconfiguration of the system according to product requirements.
The developments support the integrated design and operation of future production systems that allow quick, cost-efficient set-up and the fast integration of new product variants.
Reliability Growth model for a diode laser-based tape winding machine
Angelo Merlo, Mach4Lab srl | Martin Schäkel, Fraunhofer - Institute for Production Technology (IPT) | Tido Peters, Fraunhofer - Institute for Production Technology (IPT) | Francesco Aggogeri, Mach4Lab srl
Considering the key role played by maintenance related costs in the operative life of machine tools, Reliability issues must be addressed starting from the very beginning of the system design. In this framework is here proposed a statistical model, based on Reliability Growth Analysis, aimed at improve the mean life of the system components. This kind of analysis is no common practice in machinery and the model here proposed is applied to a laser-based tape winding machine, currently at prototype stage. Failure data, collected according to a systematic procedure during the machine test-find-fix-test trials, are analyzed using Reliasoft Synthesis Platform according to a Crown/AMSAA based extended model. Actual and projected Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) are calculated through simulations of various scenarios and the Growth Potential of the system is assessed. Improvements based on reasonable effectiveness factors are suggested to increase reliability performances of the machine.
Andrea Egidio Ascheri
An innovative approach to design optimization of production lines under regional requirements
This work describes a novel approach to the preliminary design of production systems aimed at satisfying the global growing demand for high volum+A1:R71e manufacturing systems. The approach presented in the talk combines Knowledge Based Engineering tools with modelling and optimization techniques. The resulting technology offers an integrated approach to fast and first-time-right production systems design, capable of taking into account engineering constraints, efficiency and reliability KPIs, equipment costs, and region-dependent parameters such as local energy costs, personnel costs etc.
AR4CAD, a CAD-based framework for the creation of assembly assistants that make use of augmented reality
AR4CAD makes use of the CAD description of a complex object and of CAD tools to support the efficient design of the storyboard of the virtual assembly of that object; then, starting from this storyboard, a specific assembly assistant, based on augmented reality (AR) techniques, is automatically generated.
The assistant supports the operator during the assembly by:
• guiding him through the appropriate sequence of steps of the process;
• recognizing the individual objects being handled (without the need of specific markers) and eventually checking their size;
• providing the information required to mount component parts in the right place and position. This is done primarily by properly overlaying virtual companion parts aside the image of an anchor object being captured by the camera or by overlaying a completely virtual assembly animation over this same anchor;
• verifying (to some extent) that assembly steps are performed correctly.
The system, developed so far in prototype form, makes use of a camera observing the work space (in practice a table). An additional camera located at a known distance from the bench surface is used for precise measurements.
Simulations and experimental results on work machines in the digital twin era
Some experiences with work machines will be presented concerning data acquisition for continuous monitoring of manufacturing processes where experimental measurements may help to understand process efficiency, product quality and the correctness of simulation models.
Vibrational analysis for existing working machines points out some critical issues related to the data acquisition from the field while a distributed monitoring architecture based on CLOUD and edge-computing, together with control instruments and feedback capability towards machineries, may represent a major advantage.
The presentation ends by highlighting some benefits this approach can bring within the INDUSTRY 4.0 and in particular the requirements’ compliant for the fiscal benefit related to the Italian market.
Additive Manufacturing Tool Optimization Platform
Federico Valente | ITACAe S.r.l.
Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies would undoubtedly help meeting new and competitive industrial needs, such as production of lightweight and customized components. New methodologies of Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM) and relative CAx tools are the key enabling technologies allowing to get the major benefits from these advanced technologies. The current tendency by software developers is to preserve their main purpose while adding features for AM. Nonetheless, it is more and more evident that an increased integration would lead to a more efficient design and engineering workflow.
In this paper, a novel integrated platform for AM design is proposed, and results of a workflow based on it are illustrated. Starting from geometrical, functional and structural product specifications, the platform includes a topological optimization phase, new geometry construction, automatic FEM discretization. After FEA validation of the new geometry, optimal orientation is found and supports are created related to the component. The presented platform is the first step towards a fully integrated product & process design & engineering workflow.
Industry 4.0 vs Maintenance and People 1.0
The exponential increase of volume of data represents a great opportunity in the Industry 4.0 but a common mistake is consider this Fourth Revolution only as the injection and digestion of Tons of data useful during production phase. This data revolution has an unexplored potential for what concern the full lifecycle of the products too. Especially for what concern maintenance, great possibilities are lying ahead for a revolutionary way to plan, do and predict maintenance, based on the same data used during production. But it's not enough because it's necessary to introduce in this equation the human role that it's another key factor to consider. During production, quality control or maintenace processes, the human intervention must constantly supported and tracked in real time to have the complete control of the process. This integration is the goal of our system that combine data coming from machine and technicians on field, to make a real quantum leap in this scenario.
Heating system modelling for water based on electromagnetic induction
Carlo De Falco, Politecnico di Milano | Paolo Ferrandi, Moxoff Spa
A system based on electromagnetic induction to heat water for domestic purposes has been studied. The device consists of an inner ferromagnetic pipe surrounded by insulator layers with an outer coil where alternating current flows. As different physics and time scales are involved, sophisticated multiphysics numerical and modeling are required. Thanks to the hypothesis of long solenoid and tightly packed windings, the electromagnetic problem is 1D in the radial coordinate and is described by Ampere’s law. In the thermal model the temperature depends on the axial coordinate and the mean power of the eddy currents is a constant generation term in the conduction equation since the voltage variation is much faster than heat transfer. The overall system is discretized using the finite element method and implemented in Octave, showing good agreement with experimental measures. Simulations have been performed varying the main design parameters, in both stationary and transient conditions.
ELT - Elettronica SpA
Ultra-Wide Band Radome CAE Optimization
Antonio Manna, ELT - Elettronica SpA
A radome is a cover placed above an antenna to protect it from the external environment. An ideal radome would protect the antenna from any physical damage and be electromagnetically transparent in its operational frequency band. During the last decades, composite materials became the preferred choice for antenna radome due to their low thickness and high mechanical strength. A radome is often designed in a multi-layer configuration, where each sheet of prepreg can be modeled, in a first approximation, as an inductance on an equivalent transmission line.
In Elettronica SpA we design and produce system for electronic warfare (EW), typically working with ultra-wide band (UWB) antennas. In this scenario, we designed a radome covering an entire signal intelligence system, with height and width of 1 m and 0.8 m, respectively. The radome has to be transparent from DC to 40 GHz. Such a design represents a great challenge both from an electromagnetic (EM) and a mechanical point of view.
The measurement of the first prototype showed unexpected results, not observed on the approximate simulation performed during the design. In particular, the radiation pattern of some UWB antennas suffered from an extreme ripple, due to the contribution of the reflected waves on the antenna itself.
A smart simulation environment had to be tailored to reproduce this effect and redesign the radome stratification. The solution has been found in cooperation with EnginSoft, making use of ANSYS Savant. The software, based on a ray-tracing method, was able to reproduce the measurement behavior, giving us more confidence redesign. A second radome has been, then, manufactured, exhibiting performance in line with the expectation.
Simulation workflow for the precise projection and problem solving of the functional EMC/EMI and the Thermal behavior on a High Power unit for Electric and Hybrid Vehicle
Asad Mazhar Khan, Meta System
The on board Power Units (OBC, DC/DC) are a very important part of the electric vehicle (EV), because the requested high power density, the high efficiency and the reduced volume require a very robust design; therefore simulations are the right instruments in order to reduce the time to market and the failures. Simulations start from the design of the product and must follow also the further steps of validation and testing.
The aim of the work is to describe the workflow for the EMC and thermal model, of a 7kW battery charger for EV, and how models have been used to improve the design.
The EMC model generates information about functional power path (electrical connection between HV and LV parts, functional voltages and currents for HV and LV, noise level inside the charger) and parasitic elements (common or differential mode coupling path, parasitic inductance capacitance due to connections, heat sink, PCB or passive elements).
The thermal model considers the power dissipated by components and PCBs. The calculation of losses has been done with Simplorer or Designer for the components and with Siwave for the PCBs; all these data are passed as input to Ice Pack that takes into account also the geometry of the cooling circuit.
The proposed workflow provides the right projection of:
• functional problems related to the frequency behavior of the components,
• conducted and radiated emission level, a comparison with measurements will be explained
• thermal behavior of the unit with a particular focus on the temperature of components and the right design of the cooling circuit.
The role of 3D EM simulation in the development of flexible hybrid electronic devices
In this work we present the unique challenges faced in the development of a new generation of flexible hybrid electronic devices and the critical role of 3D EM simulations as a tool to take key architectural decisions.
Hybrid system are electronic devices where traditional silicon integrated circuits are embedded within functional smart substrate comprising flexible batteries, sensors, interconnects, antennas and displays and represent the only viable solution to integrate sophisticated functionalities in miniaturized systems in a cost effective way.
Such systems are the natural endpoint of the rush to ubiquitous computing and while still in their early days, are ultimately aimed to be deployed in a number of industries from logistics to medical devices, from consumer electronics to industrial sensing in mass volumes (hundreds of millions to billions per year) and usually have ultra-low target prices (few tens of c$).
The design and development of these tiny while complex devices thus poses tight constraints from system design to process development, from materials selection to assembly equipment design.
In this presentation we show how an articulated set of simulation runs were executed in a collaboration between Flex and Enginsoft. The scope was to drive the selection of a base conductive substrate that minimizes costs while maximizing electrical performance. This enabled us to select the most appropriate antenna topology and finally optimize its characteristics considering the power requirement for the given application.
Microwave Oven Virtual Prototyping through ANSYS Multi-Physics EM/Thermal Analysis
Claudio Mazzon, Electrolux | Giovanni Falcitelli, EnginSoft SpA
In this paper, a multi-physics approach for simulation of microwave oven efficiency is presented. The aim of the described research was to investigate the effects of stirring on the EM field distribution, through the evaluation of temperature rising of a set of water samples placed inside the oven cavity. The microwave oven was modeled entirely including the magnetron antenna, the transition waveguide, the full cavity and the shielded door. Moreover the presence of functional elements like shelves and correspondent supports, heating elements and stirrers were taken into account. EM simulations were performed through harmonic analysis with ANSYS HFSS to calculate power dissipation inside water samples and ANSYS Mechanical was used to execute thermal transient analysis. The multi-physics project was developed within the ANSYS Workbench environment, that allowed fast and easy integration, as well as sharing of geometries, meshes and physics between different solvers. Additional functional elements and the oven geometry were parametrized to investigate their effect on performances. Results are presented in terms of power distribution and temperature versus time evolution along the prototyped experimental test. The proposed setup was used by engineers to foresee crucial physical effects, and helped significantly in the development phase of a new product by saving time and reducing costs for prototyping.
Isabella Mazza, Ergolines Srl | M. Turchetto, ESTECO SpA | C. Persi, Ergolines Srl | A. Santoro, Ergolines Srl | S. Spagnul, Ergolines Srl
This paper describes the activities of ESTECO and Ergolines for the iCAST project, funded by Regione Friuli Venezia Giulia under the POR FESR 2014-2020 call. The project is part of the “S3 - Smart Specialization Strategy” area (metalworking sector), in the framework of the development trajectory dedicated to Numerical modeling technologies of processes and products.
Ergolines and ESTECO team up to elaborate a new technology for ‘assisted solidification’ of steel in order to improve the quality of the final product. To achieve this goal, they are carrying out research activities in the field of modeling, simulation and numerical optimization of key parameters of the process and plants.
Moreover, with the aim of defining an innovative methodology for collaborative design in this field, ESTECO will customize its state-of-the-art technology, and in particular modeFRONTIER desktop software to include numerical solvers and models in the logic process and the web-based enterprise platform VOLTA to distribute computational load on the network resources, to include experts and non experts in the engineering process.
Numerical simulation of electromagnetic stirring in steelmaking industry
Francois Bay, MINES Paristech | Elie Hachem, MINES Paristech
Electromagnetic stirring is widely used in casting industry in order to control the flow of molten metal and the final properties of the piece. Stirring allows keeping the temperature uniform and avoiding segregation, leading to a better quality of the final product. In continuous casting, it also decreases the turbulence in the melt, decreasing the possibilities of a breakdown. However an efficient design is not easy since experimental data are difficult and expensive to obtain and analytical models are way too simplified to be used in industrial applications. Hence, numerical simulations are the most common tool to support the design process; the main disadvantage is the high computational cost required to perform the simulation which is strongly multiphysical. The aim of this work is to develop a set of numerical tools able to accurately model electromagnetic stirring applications with a low use of computational resources.
The numerical scheme used for the computation is based on the “Two Mesh Two Solvers Approach” discussed in [1,2]: the electromagnetic fields are solved by Matelec® (developed in the Lab) on a specific mesh, while the thermomechanical analyses are carried out using Thercast ® using a different mesh and domain. The mechanical fields are solved using a stabilized VMS method enhanced with anisotropic mesh adaptation . The common coupling scheme (“one way coupling”) has been enhanced and a weak-two-way coupling strategy has been implemented between the electromagnetic and the mechanical solver. Strong coupling has been judged non-efficient because it does not lead to a significant increase in the accuracy and because it is computationally too expensive for industrial applications.
Hirschvogel Umformtechnik GmbH
The Lightweight Forging Initiative & Contribution of Simulation Software in the Development Phase of high-strength Components
Hans-Willi Raedt, Hirschvogel Automotive Group | Patrice Lasne, Transvalor S.A. | Helmut Dannbauer, Engineering Center Steyr GmbH
Modern technical systems often involve high-performance forged components. Their key role is based on the one hand on their enormous load-bearing capacity required for the transmission of high forces and momentums. On the other hand, it can be observed that in times of increasingly scarce resources there is a growing demand for efficient industrial production processes – as is the case for forging. Especially in the automotive industry, increasing demands with respect to lightweight design and power density call for the ever more intensive optimization of components, which requires the careful matching of alloy, component geometry and the many parameters along the entire design and manufacturing process chain. By involving the supplier in the product development process and in engineering partnerships early on, favorable conditions are created for finding economical solutions that benefit both parties.
Benefits of simulation to define and optimize metal forming processes
TRANSVALOR software have been used for over 30 years in forging industry to design and improve solutions. Its wide range of applications enables the user to simulate all operations, which makes it an indispensable tool for understanding and mastering metal forming processes. The presentation aims at showing several applications focused on the benefits of Forge® and ColdForm® to improve the quality of products and processes.
Coffee Break Time
Global approach of Transvalor on process simulation
TRANSVALOR has recently changed its approach from software editor to complex process simulation solution provider. Around the main software, Forge®, ColdForm® and Thercast®, new embedded tools and separated programs have been developed to manage microstructural evolution (Digimu®), welding processes (Transweld®) and additive manufacturing (Additive 3D®). In this session, such evolutions will be presented , with specific focus on complex issues of the industrial world of tomorrow.
Raffaele De Scisciolo
Simulation assisted feasibility and technical realization to meet customer requirements
Marcello Gabrielli, EnginSoft SpA
The world moves fast and the only way to lead the challenges is to stay aligned with technology and take advantage of it. Even in heavy industry the shortest development time is become one of the key driver of the success and one of the key driver of the time reduction is the capability to have data in advance using the FEA to simulate product and processes. In this presentation is reported the Berco’s way forward to adopt and take advantage from computer aided simulation and give some ideas about the goals we achieved. Thanks to this approach and the continuous support of EnginSoft, on the processes side we were able to achieve some golas as reduce time-to-market from 6 to less than 2 weeks, build dies only after virtual validation, save 15-30% of steel, increase robustness of some processes. In this field of application of the simulation, new challenges are induction heating, ring rolling, grain-size and metallurgy prevision. On the product side the structural FEA simulation of the components is critical due to several complex contacts between parts in the undercarriage assembly: new approaches used by EnginSoft System Dynamics Team have been presented, where multibody simulation of the full vehicle interaction with the terrain has been used to detect the loads to be applied later in the FEA of the components. Residual stresses linked to production process have been also considered. Optimization techniques for FEM calculation, but also for mass reduction, have been used also to find the best component shape linked to his structural function.
Fundación TECNALIA Research & Innovation
Forging performs design and inverse analysis for friction coefficient calculation by means of FORGE optimization tool
Ángela Mangas, Fundación TECNALIA Research & Innovation
Forge NxT allows optimizing forging processes with its optimization module. The use of this module automates long and repetitive data setup and parameter selection to save human work and to speed up process design. Optimization tool is mainly used to look for the most suitable preform shape and/or the best geometry of forging dies by means of analyzing several process parameters (billet temperature, friction coefficient,…) influence. But the optimization tool can be also used for identifying the experimental values of different process parameters. The presentation will show some application cases to display the capacities of this tool.
First, two cases where the forging preform is obtained by optimizing its geometry will be showed. In the first case, the geometry is built directly in Forge with the “Initial Mesh Creation” tool and in the second case the geometry comes from an external CAD software (Pro-Engineer). Afterwards an inverse analysis to obtain friction coefficient from laboratory ring compression tests will be presented.
Lunch Break Time
Transvalor Steering Committee
Federico Fracasso, EnginSoft (chairman)
Laetitia Pegie, Customer Service Department Director Transvalor
Antoine Navarro, Product Manager Transvalor
First edition of a Transvalor Steering Committee in Europe; Italian users will see the forthcoming evolutions of Transvalor software, such as new processes, new features and mid and long term R&D activities. A roundtable will follow, where users’ suggestions will be welcomed in view of further improvements of the programs. Dedicated sessions will be organized on request, and in relation to on specific reserved issues, at end of the meeting.